#esg practices enhance #riskmanagement, performance, stakeholder interest, and capital access. Strong ESG ratings reduce credit spread, benefiting firms’ financials. ESG disclosure aligns with principal-agent theory, lowering debt costs. Even modest ESG improvement cuts credit spread by 0.0035%, aiding companies’ interest expenses. Transparent ESG commitment yields #european market rewards, aiding corporate bonds. Study aids policymakers, credit agencies, investors, and issuers in understanding ESG’s bond impact.

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