“When developing large-sample statistical inference for quantiles, also known as Values-at-Risk in finance and insurance, the usual approach is to convert the task into sums of random variables. The conversion procedure requires that the underlying cumulative distribution function (cdf) would have a probability density function (pdf), plus some minor additional assumptions on the pdf. In view of this, and in conjunction with the classical continuous-mapping theorem, researchers also tend to impose the same pdf-based assumptions when investigating (functionals of) integrals of the quantiles, which are natural ingredients of many risk measures in finance and insurance. Interestingly, the pdf-based assumptions are not needed when working with integrals of quantiles, and in this paper we explain and illustrate this remarkable phenomenon.”

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